In the 1930s, the United States raised tariffs on goods coming in from Canada, which retaliated with new tariffs of its own, worsening and lengthening the Great Depression for both countries. Wednesday, in an effort to limit the spread of the coronavirus, President Donald Trump and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau agreed to partially close the Canada-U.S. border, which likewise will worsen and lengthen the mutual economic damage from the pandemic.

Walls, once up, don’t easily come down. In the long run, the most lasting harm from this pandemic could be the closing of borders, the closing of minds.

There are good public-health reasons for keeping foreigners out when a country is trying to control the spread of a disease. The Trudeau government and Trump administration deserve praise for co-operating to limit the harm by exempting crossings that are essential to trade and commerce.
But these restrictions will make for a stickier border. They will make it more cumbersome to do business, weakening supply chains. Restrictions restrict, often in ways that no one intended.

The big difference between the banking crisis of 2008 and today’s economic emergency is that the United States under George W. Bush was a reasonably open society, while Donald Trump has been banning foreigners and raising tariffs and building walls since the day he was inaugurated.

The American president is not alone. China this week ordered journalists from several major American news organizations to leave the county. The regime in Beijing grows more hostile and isolated as criticism mounts of how it handled the initial outbreak.
The members of the European Union sealed their borders against each other and the rest of the world for public health reasons. But nativist fear of the Other has been spreading there for years, contributing to Britain’s decision to leave the EU altogether.
The COVID-19 attack accelerates the ongoing weakening of globalization, which some see as a good thing. For them, this pandemic is simply the latest evil of modernity. “COVID-19 is but a modest emergency compared to what’s coming in our crowded, mobile, just-in-time delivered era of hyper-globalization,” the journalist Andrew Nikiforuk wrote in The Tyee.

Even defenders of open borders wonder whether the world order built up over the past seven decades will survive the combined ills of the pandemic and the Trump administration.
“This pandemic is reshaping the geopolitics of globalization, but the United States isn’t adapting,” the American political scientists Henry Farrell and Abraham Newman wrote this week in Foreign Affairs magazine. “Instead, it’s sick and hiding under the covers.”
But to replace the free flow of goods, people and ideas with beggar-thy-neighbour barriers would be a global tragedy.
The number of people living in extreme poverty declined from 44 per cent of the human population in 1981 to 8.6 per cent in 2018, according the World Bank. That’s globalization.
Last year, for the second year in a row, as many girls as boys sat the primary-school graduation exams in Kenya (and achieved a higher average score). That’s globalization.
Last year as well, Taiwan became the first place in Asia to legalize same-sex marriage. That’s globalization.
And globalization is both a reason for and result of a world that has avoided a global war for three quarters of a century.
When this pandemic ends, will the walls come down? Or will governments find it easier and more popular to continue restricting the entry of foreigners? Will they decide to become more self-sufficient, even if economic isolationism leaves everyone poorer and less innovative?

Will the Canada-U.S. border reopen? Or will this President or his successor decide to repatriate factories and raise tariffs? It took every effort of the Trudeau government to preserve and renew the North American free trade agreement that the Trump administration was threatening to scrap. Will that effort turn out to have been a waste of time?

Canada is a trading nation, a nation of immigrants, a nation open to the world. When this pandemic ends, we should lead the world in tearing down walls – internal as well as external – and championing the greatest possible openness among economies and peoples.

The alternative is a return to the insular, frightened planet of the 1930s. And that we must avoid at any cost.



November 8, 2019
2:00pm - 3:30pm
City Institute Lounge, directly in front of 734 Kaneff Tower
York University, Keele Campus, Toronto

The City Institute at York University (CITY) brings together the university’s urban scholars—faculty members, post-doctoral fellows, graduate and undergraduate students and visiting scholars—from across the social sciences and the humanities with particular strengths in geography, environmental studies, planning, anthropology, sociology, political science. As an interdisciplinary institute, CITY facilitates critical and collaborative research, providing new knowledge and innovative approaches to comprehending and addressing the complexity of the urban arena. The Institute also plays a vital role in developing Canada’s next generation of leaders and thinkers, with graduate and post-doctoral fellows playing a central role in the life of the Institute.

Learn more about CITY research projects here:


On behalf of Toronto's River Run Coalition | Interested in helping out with the 2019 River Run?

About 40 community members from Grassy Narrows will be travelling to Toronto on the week of June 17 - 21 to demand immediate action of the government on mercury justice. The week will include a press conference, an art build, a community event and more, culminating in a large rally and march on June 20.

At River Run 2019, Grassy Narrows community members will be demanding:
1. Compensation for everyone in Grassy Narrows for the ongoing mercury crisis, and
2. That the government of Canada put the full cost of building and operating a Mercury Home in Grassy Narrows into a trust so that the commitment is fulfilled regardless of who gets elected this October.

We need volunteers who are able to help with driving, food preparation, helping out at the residence where Grassy Narrows members are staying over the course of the week, and much much more.

If you are interested in volunteering, please fill out this form: https://bit.ly/2Zyzr90 . We'll be in touch with more details in the coming weeks.

More details on River Run 2019 can be found here: https://www.facebook.com/events/2277736285834885/ 


(English version below)

Le comité organisateur du forum Trebek intitulé « Humaniser la migration : Droits, refuge et responsabilités » invite les individus intéressés à être bénévole à soumettre leur application afin d’aider aux aspects logistiques et techniques de l’événement.

Le forum bilingue « Humaniser la migration », qui aura lieu à l’Université d’Ottawa le 20 juin 2019 (Journée mondiale des réfugiés), rassemblera des leaders canadiens et internationaux provenant du gouvernement, du secteur académique ainsi que de la société civile afin d’humaniser le débat public sur la migration au Canada. Le forum est organisé conjointement par l’Université d’Ottawa, l’Université Saint-Paul, l’Université Carleton et l’Université du Québec en Outaouais, Amnistie internationale et l’Entraide universitaire mondiale du Canada.

L’événement inclura :
- Un panel de haut niveau sur le rôle du Canada dans la migration internationale;
- Des ateliers portant sur l’installation des migrants, la migration environnementale, l’éducation et la détention;
- Une exposition de photos;
- Une foire de publications et d’affiches;
- La projection d’un film.

Cet événement sera gratuit et ouvert au public, mais il est nécessaire de s’y inscrire. Les inscriptions débuteront le 1er mai 2019.

Les bénévoles se verront offrir un repas pendant leur quart de bénévolat les 19 et 20 juin, un remboursement pour les frais locaux du transport en commun et un petit cadeau.

Nous demandons aux candidat(e)s de bien vouloir compléter le formulaire en ligne d’ici le 15 mai 2019:


The organizing committee for the Trebek Forum on “Humanizing Migration: Rights, Refuge and Responsibilities“ invites applications for volunteers to assist with logistic and substantive aspects of the event.

The bilingual “Humanizing Migration” Forum, to be held at the University of Ottawa on June 20th (World Refugee Day) will bring together Canadian and international thought leaders from government, academia and civil society to humanize public debate on migration to Canada. It is being jointly organized by the University of Ottawa, Saint Paul University, l’Université du Québec en Outaouais, Carleton University, Amnesty International and the World University Service of Canada.

The event will include:
· A high-level panel on Canadian leadership in global migration policy
· Workshops on settlement, environmental migration, education and detention
· A photography exhibit
· A publications and poster fair
· A film screening

The event will be free and open to the public, but registration is necessary. Registration will open on May 1st.

Volunteers will receive meals during shifts worked on June 19th and 20th, reimbursement for local, public transit expenses, and a token gift.

Volunteer candidates are kindly requested to complete the following online form by May 15th, 2019:

Professeure agrégée / Associate Professor
École d’affaires publiques et internationales / School of Public and International Affairs

President, International Association for the Study of Forced Migration


The Canadian Association of Refugee Lawyers has launched a petition opposing the provincial cuts to legal aid. Refugee claimants will be affected. Please consider signing. http://www.carl-acaadr.ca/

Susan McGrath C.M., PhD. Senior Scholar & Professor Emerita, School of Social Work & Centre for Refugee Studies, 8th floor Kaneff Tower, York University, Toronto Canada.

Music in the Time of Anne Frank: Piano Works Presented and Performed by Deborah Nemko

This performance of a full-length concert features music by leading Dutch Jewish composers who, because they were Jewish or openly resistant of the Nazi regime, were suppressed by the Germans during World War II. The recital features lively and emotionally moving music by Leo Smit, Geza Frid, Daniel Belinfante, Dick Katenburg and Henriette Bosmans. Almost a century after their composition, some of these works will receive their Canadian debut at this concert.

Sunday, March 3rd, 2019 at 2pm 
Tribute Communities Recital Hall | Accolades East Building | York University
Concert followed by reception. Free and open to the public.

RSVP at cjs@yorku.ca

Complimentary parking at the Student Services Parking Structure.

2018-19 Graduate Student Funding Opportunities for German and European Studies 1 | German and European Studies at York University: 2019 Graduate Student Funding Opportunities

The Graduate Diploma Programme in German and European Studies is pleased to
offer funding to individual York Graduate Students pursuing research in the area of
German and European Studies. This support takes the form of a variety of awards,
prizes, scholarships, and bursaries that have been made possible thanks to the
generosity of corporate supporters and individual donors.
How to Apply:
Applications packages for all the awards (V.O. Stong, Gerling – GCAN, GTAA,
Hazel McCallion a n d BMW Award for Excellence ) can be submitted by
e-mail to Dr. Jenny Wüstenberg, Coordinator of the Graduate Diploma in German and European Studies (jwustenb@yorku.ca).
Please note:
* Applications must be sent by the end of the business day identified as the application deadline.
* Please submit all documents as one PDF file (or in as few files as possible)
* Some awards require a Student Financial Profile (SFP) to verify the demonstration of financial need. If you completed an SFP in 18-19 academic year for bursary or other award applications, you do not need to complete it again. You only need to complete it once. For questions regarding the application process, please contact Jenny Wüstenberg at the above email.
Application deadlines:
BMW Canada Award for Excellence April 30, 2019
V. O. Stong Graduate Scholarships in German & European Studies April 1, 2019
Gerling – GCAN Insurance Company Award April 1, 2019
Greater Toronto Airport Authority (GTAA) Bursary April 1, 2019
Hazel McCallion Scholarship April 1, 2019
2018-19 Graduate Student Funding Opportunities for German and European Studies 2
Through the generosity of BMW Canada Inc., we have established the annual BMW
Canada Award for Excellence.
Candidates must be pursuing the Graduate Diploma in German and European Studies
at York University, and must have completed at least one year towards the Graduate
Diploma at the time of application.
Candidates will be judged on their cumulative achievements according to the following
• Academic performance based on grades and faculty recommendations;
• Record of research on Germany, Europe, and/or relations between Canada
and Germany or Canada and Europe;
• Financial need.
The winner will receive an award of up to $2500.00.
Documents Required:
• An Application Cover Form
• A letter of application, outlining the reasons the candidate wishes to be
considered and speaking specifically to the criteria listed above;
• A complete curriculum vitae that includes a description of publications,
presentations, and ongoing research relevant to the Award;
• Copies of relevant papers and publications;
• Transcripts of all post-secondary marks;
• Letters of recommendation from two faculty members, at least one of whom
must have taught or supervised the candidate during graduate study at
York University;
• A completed Student Financial Profile
Application Deadline: April 30, 2019
2018-19 Graduate Student Funding Opportunities for German and European Studies 3
When Vernon Oliver Stong (who was born in the brick farmhouse on the York
campus) died in 2005, he provided an endowment to establish a scholarship in his
name, the terms of which are:
This scholarship is available to students who are pursuing the Graduate Diploma in
German and European Studies who have achieved a minimum grade point average
of B+. Should a suitable graduate recipient not be found, the scholarship will be
awarded to qualified undergraduate students.
The endowment resides in two funds – one which has been matched by Ontario
provincial funds through the Ontario Trust for Student Support (OTSS) and one
which has not.
The OTSS version requires that a student meet one of the following three criteria:
1. The student has lived in Ontario for at least 12 consecutive months before
beginning her/his studies;
2. The student’s spouse lived in Ontario for at least 12 consecutive months before
the student began studying and the spouse was not a full-time student during
this period;
3. The student’s parents etc. lived in Ontario or at least 12 consecutive months
before the student began her/his current studies.
Value: up to $5000.00 (multiple awards will be granted in 2018-19)
Documents Required:
• An Application Cover Form
• Cover letter (please stipulate clearly whether you are eligible for OTSS version)
• Curriculum Vitae
• A completed Student Financial Profile
Please note: For students applying for the OTSS version, there is an online form
from York that will need to be completed later.
In considering applications, we will attempt to award funds so that the greatest number of
students benefits the most.
Application Deadline: April 1, 2019
2018-19 Graduate Student Funding Opportunities for German and European Studies 4
The Gerling-GCAN Insurance Company Award will be offered annually to a Graduate
Diploma student or a student with a demonstrated interest in German and European
Studies pursuing a Graduate program at York. The recipient of the award must
present a minimum "A" average in their course work and demonstrate financial
Amount: $500.00 (one award)
Documents Required:
• An Application Cover Form
• Cover letter
• Curriculum Vitae
• A completed Student Financial Profile
Application Deadline: April 1, 2019
2018-19 Graduate Student Funding Opportunities for German and European Studies 5
The Greater Toronto Airport Authority Bursary will be awarded to a student enrolled in the Graduate Diploma and/or to a student with demonstrated interest in German and European Studies, who is working on topics related to urban development and planning or environmental studies. The numbers and amounts of the bursaries to be awarded each year will be decided by a committee of faculty members appointed to York University’s Faculty of Graduate Studies.
Amount: $600.00 (one award)
Documents Required:
• An Application Cover Form
• Cover letter
• Curriculum Vitae
• A completed Student Financial Profile
Application Deadline: April 1, 2019
2018-19 Graduate Student Funding Opportunities for German and European Studies 6
HAZEL McCALLION SCHOLARSHIP (with key support from Siemens Canada)
The Hazel McCallion Scholarship honours Mayor McCallion of Mississauga. Recipient of the Officer’s Cross of the Federal Republic of Germany, Mayor McCallion has unceasingly promoted the deepening and strengthening of commercial and cultural relations between Germany and Canada. A major contributor to the Hazel McCallion Scholarship Endowment Fund is Siemens Canada. The Scholarship will be awarded annually to one or more York University graduate students who are pursuing the Graduate Diploma in German and European Studies or who show a demonstrated interest in German and European Studies, and who present a minimum average of “A” in their graduate course work. The numbers and
amounts of the scholarships to be awarded each year will be decided by a committee of faculty members appointed to York University’s Faculty of Graduate Studies.
Amount: $800.00 (one award)
Documents Required:
• An Application Cover Form
• Cover letter
• Curriculum Vitae
Application Deadline: April 1, 2019

Any queries can be directed to:
Dr. Jenny Wustenberg
Coordinator of the Graduate Diploma in German and European Studies

Western | Social Science | Seeking Study Participants Second Generation Canadian Muslim Women and their Work Experiences

Participants must meet the following requirements:

Identify as a Muslim woman
Are between the ages of 22 and 40
Born to immigrant parents in Canada OR arrived in Canada by or before the age of 6
Completed a Canadian post-secondary program
Are employed, OR self-employed, OR actively searching for paid employment, OR working inside the home (including work as an unpaid homemaker and paid work inside the home)
Be willing to take part in an audio-recorded interview

The interview will last approximately 60 minutes.

If you are interested in participating please contact Awish Aslam: aaslam5@uwo.ca

RRN Research Digest 53 - November 29, 2018

The latest edition of the Refugee Research Network's Research Digest can be accessed through the RRN website at: https://refugeeresearch.net/nov-29-2018-rrn-research-digest/ 

The digest is issued on bi-Weekly basis. Readers are encouraged to send any articles, reports, or research that are related to refugee/forced migration studies to be considered in the forthcoming editions. Open-access versions are always a preference.

Your comments and feedback via Twitter or facebook are always welcome.

Application deadline: November 23, 2018

The 2019 Summer Course on Refugees and Forced Migration is now accepting applications for its graduate internship positions.
Graduate interns assist with both general administrative and academic responsibilities during the annual summer course (May 6-10, 2018) as well as logistics and planning beforehand.
Positions will begin at the end of November 2018 and will run until the end of the course in May 2019.

In exchange for fulfilling the internship requirements, students will be able to take the course free of charge (value of $1075+HST). As well, students enrolled in the CRS Graduate Diploma program
may count the course toward their fulfillment of the Diploma requirements. Finally, students may elect to gain independent study credits through the course as per the requirements and guidelines of their specific departments.

For more information about the CRS summer course, please visit our website: https://crs.yorku.ca/summer/

Submit by e-mail
a) a brief cover letter that describes your interest in forced migration issues
b) your CV
c) the name of one academic or professional referee*
(*Short-listed candidates will be required to provide the letter of reference
at the time of the interview in late November)

Applications and questions may be directed to Tanya Aberman, Summer Course Coordinator: summer@yorku.ca

The application due date is Friday, November 23rd, 2018.

Tanya Aberman
Summer Course Coordinator
2019 Summer Course
Centre for Refugee Studies
York University, Toronto


Maytree Policy - New report Welfare in Canada, 2017 looks at latest welfare rates and how they compare to poverty measures

Today, Maytree is releasing Welfare in Canada, 2017, the latest update of a yearly series showing the total income households on social assistance would have received (i.e., their income from social assistance alongside tax credits and child benefits). The report looks at how welfare incomes varied across every province and territory for four example households in 2017:

Single person considered employable
Single person with a disability
Single parent with one child age 2
Couple with two children ages 10 and 15
Using data provided by provincial and territorial government officials, the report describes the components of welfare incomes, how they have changed from previous years, and how they compared to low income thresholds. The amounts vary in every province and territory because each jurisdiction has distinct social assistance programs.

Access data and download report  https://maytree.com/welfare-in-canada
Key findings
The total welfare incomes for both household types with children increased in 2017 in every province. This was driven by the introduction of the new Canada Child Benefit as 2017 was the first full year it was paid.
Single adult households saw less substantial and less consistent changes to their welfare incomes. The total welfare income for a single person rose in value in some provinces and fell in others. In most cases, these changes were relatively small.
In 2017, single adults with a disability saw the biggest shift in their welfare income in British Columbia, where their welfare income rose in value by $1,183 following two increases to Disability Assistance rates.
Even where welfare incomes were highest, they fell short of the poverty threshold. The closest was in Quebec where the welfare income of a single parent reached 85 per cent of the poverty threshold in Montreal; for a couple with two children it reached 83 per cent.
While figures for the territories used the same methodology as the provincial figures, they were not directly comparable because of the distinct situation in the territories.
The welfare incomes in the Yukon and the Northwest Territories were generally higher than in the provinces, reflecting the higher cost of living in the territories. Conversely, welfare incomes in Nunavut were lower than in the provinces, reflecting the high proportion of households on social assistance living in subsidized housing whose living costs are reduced through housing subsidies.
Access data and download report https://maytree.com/welfare-in-canada/
Welfare in Canada was established by the Caledon Institute of Social Policy to maintain data previously published by the National Council of Welfare. In 2018, Maytree assumed responsibility for updating the series.
Spread the word
This resource was previously compiled by the Caledon Institute of Social Policy which wound down last year. To help people find the new home of Welfare in Canada, please share this email with anyone who would find it useful.
To stay informed about Maytree’s policy and research work, including the future editions of Welfare in Canada and Social Assistance Summaries, subscribe to Policy Update.

View in browser: https://mailchi.mp/maytree/sas_notice-477679?e=2b1f6cc6f5

Community Vigil
Mel Lastman Square
October 29, 2018
7:00 PM

The Israel and Golda Koschitzky Centre for Jewish Studies joins the global Jewish community and its non-Jewish friends in mourning the tragic and senseless loss of precious lives in Pittsburgh this past Shabbat.

While Hillel@York will be sponsoring an on-campus memorial at 12:30 today, I would also like to bring your attention to a community-wide vigil that will be held at Mel Lastman Square in North York tonight at 7:00pm. For further details, please see below.

In sadness,
Carl Ehrlich

UJA Federation of Greater Toronto, its advocacy agent, the Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs (CIJA), and many other Jewish organizations - including B’nai Brith, Friends of Simon Wiesenthal Center for Holocaust Studies (FSWC), the Jewish National Fund (JNF) and the Toronto Board of Rabbis - will host a community-wide vigil on Monday, October 29th at 7 p.m. at Mel Lastman Square, (5100 Yonge St. - North York Centre Subway Station) in memory of the victims of the horrific attack that took place in Pittsburgh.

We are bringing the community together in a show of solidarity and remembrance, as we cope with this unspeakable act of antisemitic violence. Acts of violence and hate against the Jewish community, wherever they take place, are an attack on the entire Jewish people. We are devastated by the terrible loss of life and the impact this will have on all the families affected, including those here in Toronto.

Please make every effort to join us, along with Jewish leaders from all streams of Judaism, other religious leaders and government representatives, as we stand in solidarity with Pittsburgh’s Jewish community and demonstrate the resilience of the Jewish community and the strength of Canadian society.

Students and Researchers:
100's of Reports on Mining, Human Rights and Transnational Corporate Accountability

Dear colleagues,
The Justice and Corporate Accountability Project, at Osgoode Hall Law School and Thompson Rivers Law School, has collected hundreds of hard to find reports from civil society organizations and international bodies in English and Spanish. They are organized in twenty categories, on issues relating to business and human rights, Indigenous peoples, corporate social responsibility and mining. Authors include organizations such as Amnesty International, International Corporate Accountability Roundtable, Oxfam and JCAP itself.
These reports provide cutting-edge analyses of current issues and often contain recommendations for reform. They are ideal for students doing papers or researchers seeking to gain a deeper understanding of the problems on such issues as extra territorial responsibility, the use of subsidiaries, free prior informed consent and women and mining.

Shin Imai

Follow us on twitter @JCAPosgoode

*For reports in English see https://justice-project.org/resources-and-publications/

*The information contained in this website is general legal information and should not be relied upon to solve a specific legal problem. This website does not create a solicitor client relationship, which is only formed when you have signed an engagement agreement.

*For reports in Spanish see https://proyecto-justicia.org/publicaciones-y-recursos/

*Publicaciones de JCAP Informes y analyses.